Applying Social Cognitive Theory

What are the five possible outcomes of observational learning? 

  1.  Directing Attention - When we pay attention to certain actions, we may also notice other things as well! Woolfolk gives a great example. A little child in preschool starts playing enthusiastically with a toy. This toy is usually ignored, but when the other children notice how enthusiastic the child with the toy is, they want to play with it too! So, they not only noticed the little boy's behavior but the object involved in the action (the toy) is noticed as well.
  2. Fine-Tuning Already-Learned Behaviors - We see other people as models to determine how to use your already learned behavior. For example, you may know how to act at an Americanized wedding, but what about a Greek wedding? At a Greek wedding you may hang back, observe how other people are acting, and then imitate them.
  3. Strengthening or Weakening Inhibitions - If you're only focused on the modeling, then  you will miss the instructions with the ripple effect. Also, if you are a teacher and have students who are rule-breakers, then you can be sure to follow through on rules as to minimize the ripple effect in the classroom.
  4.  Teaching New Behaviors - This is just a way of saying that modeling is a good way to teach new behaviors.
  5. Arousing emotion - After observations are made, people sometimes develop emotional reactions to situations they have never experienced personally. If Logan sees his best friend Chase make a funny face after eating something, Logan may be fearful about eating that same food even though he's never even tried it before.

Most American weddings don't involve smashed plates (if people can help it), so what would you do when faced with shattered dishes at a Greek Wedding when you've never been to one before?  

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